Understanding peacebuilding consolidating the peace process curently dating
One sector argued for immediate armed revolution whereas others (including senior leaders like Nirmal Lama) claimed that Nepal was not yet ripe for armed struggle. The militant faction later renamed itself the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
The Maoists labeled the government forces "feudal forces," and included in this accusation was the monarchy and the mainstream political parties.
This material support to the Nepali government dried up after King Gyanendra seized full control in February 2005 to get rid of civil war for once and all.
The government responded to the rebellion by banning provocative statements about the monarchy, imprisoning journalists, and shutting down newspapers accused of siding with the insurgents.
To be effective in this new context, our aid is becoming more innovative and catalytic, leveraging other drivers for development, such as private sector investment and domestic finance.
We are recasting our aid program in light of this new development paradigm.
A strategic framework will guide the re-shaping of Australia’s aid program over coming years.
In November 1990 the Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre) was formed, including key elements of constituents of UNPM. (1999–2001) Shyam Bhakta Thapa (from 2001) The Nepalese Civil War was an armed conflict between the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) and the government of Nepal, fought from 1996 to 2006.It ended with the Comprehensive Peace Accord signed on 21 November 2006. Nepalis killed by government in same period: 8,200." and an estimated 100,000 to 150,000 people were internally displaced as a result of the conflict.The armed struggle began soon afterward with simultaneous attacks on remote police stations and district headquarters.Initially, the Nepali government mobilized the Nepal Police to contain the insurgency.
More than 19,000 people (including both civilian and armed forces) were killed during the conflict. This conflict disrupted the majority of rural development activities and led to a deep and complex Left Front which, together with the Nepali Congress, was the backbone of the broadbased movement for democratic change.